24th October marks anniversary of the United Nation Organization (UNO or UN). With the key goals of avoiding a third world war, maintain international peace, improve economic and humanitarian co-operation, the UN was founded on 24th October 1945 as an International organization with 51 original members. Currently the UN has 192 member countries.
Is UN successful in achieving its goals?
Despite success stories someone could argue otherwise with just a few examples:
•Though we did not have a war at the same scale as World War 2, the UN could not always get the conflicting countries to reach a peaceful solution. Soviet-Afghan, Gulf war, Korea, Iraq War, Arab-Israel war and Bosnian civil war are some examples.
•No solution in sight to resolve an ongoing Israel-Palestine conflict.
•UN does not appear to have a plan to address terrorism that is an international problem now.
•UN could not prevent Rwandan genocide and Srebrenica ethnic cleansing and killings and could not provide aid to starving Somalians when needed most.
Do you think the UN is effective?
UN Security council structure still mandates original 5 Permanent members and 10 Non Permanent members elected for two years. India just got elected in the UN Security Council for a 2 year term that commences on Jan 1, 2011. India (and Japan too) has been pursuing for a permanent seat in the Security Council. In my opinion, the UN shall increase the number of permanent members and include both India and Japan. Besides being the third largest economy, Japan funds around 15% of the UN spending. India, on the other hand, is one of the biggest contributors in terms of peace keeping forces. In addition to nuclear capabilities and the state of art defense equipment, India has the third largest armed forces in the world. The largest democracy on the earth is 4th highest in terms of purchasing power.
Do you think the UN Security Council shall include India as a permanent member with the veto power considering the new reality?